What is the Tower of London?
The Tower of London is a historic, 900-year-old castle and UNESCO World Heritage site located in London, England.
When was the Tower of London built?
Early foundations, believed to have been a wooden palisade made from timber, were laid in 1066. The White Tower, a keep located in the innermost ward, is the oldest part of the castle and dates back to the 1070s.
Why was the Tower of London built?
The White Tower was built by William the Conqueror to secure his position in London against the backdrop of fierce opposition from the conquered Saxons who inhabited the city. The keep acted as a powerful and intimidating projection of Norman military might, although to locals it was a resented symbol of oppression.